The impact of
Voltaire in pre-revolution France is unfathomable. Francois-Marie Arouet was a
French historian, philosopher and most importantly an enlightenment writer. He
was one of the greatest and powerful writers whose writing effected the
psychology of the common people around the world and they became aware about
their situation in contrast to the elites.
statement: Voltaire was a pioneer who first advocated
for freedom in all aspects by separating the power of Church and state.
was the most reasonable writer of his time who influenced the ideology of the
philosophers and introduced the enlightenment through liberal and natural
views. Voltaire published ‘Treatise on Tolerance’ where he outlined
his specific form of deism (Madigan 2017).
It was a natural religion that most of the philosophes adopted and shaped for
fitting their own ideas. Voltaire believed that the religion is the reason
behind most inhuman crimes.
Voltaire was a
huge supporter of the empiricism. Unlike the English philosophers,
he began to be critical. He tried for developing a French philosophy
influenced by empiricism. Voltaire wanted the humanity to be led by experience
(Dominiczak 2015). Voltaire wanted
his nation to be changed and liberal like England. Most of his Letters
proposed to acknowledge the views of John Locke and Newton.
Candide, by Voltaire
was a satire in which he has stepped outside the stage of the Enlightenment as
well as made fun of many of the crucial elements among which was that man can
improve himself along with his environment. Voltaire used to question
his own beliefs and shifted from the optimistic view to a pessimistic view
which created path for revolution in 1789.
The views of
Voltaire largely manipulated the views of the French people in 1700. He was the
first philosopher in France who attempted to define a natural religion. He
was critical of the fanaticism and dogma associated with contemporary religious
heads. According to the text, “Voltaire took religious fanaticism as his chief
target and believe once fanaticism has corrupted the mind, the malady is almost
incurable. … The only remedy for this epidemic malady is the philosophical
spirit” (Hunt, 2012, 589). His literatures had a
significant effect on the changes that led to French Revolution.