Smart cities but not all cities have access

Smart
City Learning Issues

Introduction

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Our project requires us to explain the
uses of the Internet of Things or IoT and how it has greatly benefited
humanity. In our scenario, Singapore has always being referred to as a smart
city due to its use of IoT and my group is tasked to perform what IoT
technologies are. In this report, I am writing about smart cities.

1) 
What
is a Smart City?

A smart city is a technological advanced
city which uses information and communication technologies to increase
efficiency, exchange information and improve quality of services and citizen
welfare.

Its purpose is to optimize the city’s
function and improve the living qualities of the citizens by using smart
technology and data analysis.

Singapore is only known as a Smart Nation
and has not fully utilized the use of IoT. The Infocomm of Development of
Technology(IDA)explains that with the help of IoT, everyday objects can be
read, recognized, located and controlled from the internet.

The IDA has been working with the industry
and the public to develop a Smart Nation Platform which comprises of a
connectivity layer and a sensing and IoT layer. It aims to help the government
to provide better services for citizens and develop applications for emerging
response, urban planning and city management.

 

Taken from: http://fintechnews.sg/10437/iot/internet-things-singapore-key-role-singapores-smart-nation-push/

Taken from: https://www.gov.sg/microsites/future-economy/press-room/news/content/say-hello-to-the-internet-of-things

 

2) 
What
are the types of Smart Cities?

Today, IoT technology is a popular network
in many major cities but not all cities have access to that technology. Each
smart city is based on the access to IoT technology. There are three types of
smart cities.

1)      Purpose-built
smart cities: These cities are already built with IoT technologies and were
designed to attract tourists or businesses with a master plan which uses IT
systems to deliver world-class services. Examples are Songdo in South Korea and
Masdar City in Abu Dhabi

 

2)      Existing
cities: These are just normal cities that use technology based upgrades for
creating new economic opportunities, improve education and retain and retrain
the population. Examples are Manchester, U.K and Monterrey, Mexico.

 

3)      Non-cities:
These ‘non-cities’ refer to campuses, company towns and amusement parks.

Singapore
is currently being called a Smart Nation. It already has a fiber network
stretching across the island and has brought high-speed internet access to
every home and office. Due to this, it is still an existing city but there is
just the first step.

Singapore
plans to be the world’s first Smart City. With IoT, Singapore will have better
healthcare, safer traffic and provides the citizens with better utilities as
well as save water, electricity and energy.

 

Taken from: https://www.engadget.com/2016/11/03/singapore-smart-nation-smart-city/