Environment in this research, the Environment Vulnerability due

Environment
Vulnerability through Land Use and Land Cover Changes: A Case study Ranthambhore
Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, India

 

Bhanwar vishvendra Raj Singh * Dr. Anjan Sen**

Senior Research Scholar

Department of Geography,

Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi,

Delhi-110007

[email protected]

 

 

Abstract

 

Currently,
massive anthropogenic pressure on land ecosystem services which is affecting local, regional, and global
climate processes. The process of land-use and land-cover patterns have
affected and will continue to affect physical and socio economic vulnerability in
ecosystem services. In order that tiger
species is a barometer for healthier ecosystem services, but nowadays, these species has
a critical condition and also an endangered species according to IUCN, 2017.
Therefore, we are devoting million dollars commitment for Tiger conservation
programme. Tiger conservation is providing all ecosystem services such as supporting, provisioning, regulating
and cultural services. But cultural services are stronger in all of them. At present, the growing demand for these services has put an immense burden on the ecosystem services.
Therefore in this research, the Environment Vulnerability due to Land Use and
Land Cover Changes: A Case study Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, India.
This research based on the primary and secondary
database but almost based on secondary data sources. After, data
analysis has been done through ArcGIS, Erdas, and
SPSS Excel software. This method is an assessment of the vulnerability of LULC of Tiger Habitat, which has been the outcome of highly
human encroachment near protected areas. The results show that how tiger habitat ecosystem services increase
or decrease from physical and socio
economic vulnerability of LULC. The entire ecosystem services
of tiger corridor have identified the zoning
of vulnerability, which will be interlinked
with for
community development, Consensus building for management, to develop holistic,
inclusive and sustainable development method for tiger corridor habitat at
grass route level, which is more sustainable for human wellbeing and future earth.

 

 

Key Words:
Ecosystem Services, Vulnerability, Sustainable Development, Tiger conservation

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Nowadays, Land use land cover (LULC) is changing very
rapidly due to an anthropogenic and natural phenomenon
occurring at local to global scales. Land cover changes bring up to conversion
and modification of vegetation, changes in biodiversity, soil quality, runoff,
erosion, sedimentation and land productivity (Xiubin, 1996). Therefore, there
has been a decline in biodiversity over the last four decades, attributed in
large part to habitat fragmentation and land conversion (Butchart et al.,
2010).

According to
IPCC, 2006 (The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) estimated that 1.86
billion tons of carbon are out annually due to LULC & Climate Change, but especially impact on major part is tropical
deforestation, and it is a key source of carbon emissions and an active supplier
to global warming and climate change.

Although LULC are caused by external and internal drivers
and it has been influenced by many traditional and modern resource management
practices (Campbell et al., 2005). the changes in the land use in nature is the
result of human encroachment through urbanization agriculture development and
different developmental activities. Most of the biodiversity areas face the
growing problems of human-wildlife conflict, loss of natural vegetation and
open space. The process of degradation of biodiversity often leads to haphazard
growth through envies species of flora and fauna in the terrestrial ecosystem.

In the ecosystem services, human-induced disorders such as
land use land cover (LULC) changes, quality of air, water and soil, and losses
of productive lands and biodiversity are increasingly threatening ecosystem
productivity and health on the local, regional and global scales. (Wali et al.,
1999).

In the context, the carrying capacity of natural resources
in the ecosystem services is most vulnerable. Especially in the biodiversity,
every flora fauna has contributed to the
food web ecosystem. As well as some spices are the most icon of a healthy
ecosystem for the food chain. In this regard, Tiger is a representation of
healthy and wealthy wildlife which is considered as a viable wild animal in the
maintaining for Universal Food Chain System.

 

 

 

The major impacts through LULC change in buffer zones
surrounding protected ecological reserves have important implications for the
management and conservation of these protected areas.

In the Ranthambhore tiger reserve, Agriculture expansion due
to increasing population has been regarded as one of the primary causes of LULC
change and deforestation and a major source of carbon emissions from
terrestrial ecosystems.  The pattern of LULC
in the RTR change, in buffer areas because of this is most vulnerable areas due
to anthropogenic activities surrounded the Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve.

The RTR is the most famous tiger habitat in the world and
also its cover through the dry-deciduous forest, the vegetation of Ranthambhore
is considered as Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest, and Tropical Thorn Forest
(Champion and Seth, 1968).

The RTR landscape surrounding buffer areas influences their
capacity to maintain ecosystem functions and achieve conservation objectives.
As anthropogenic magnification continues, it is important to display land-use
and land cover change in and around RTR habitat areas. LULC measure land-cover
change surrounding buffer areas within the Ranthambhore tiger reserve in
Rajasthan.

In order that tiger is icon healthy ecosystem services.
Through conserving and saving tigers the entire wilderness ecosystem is
conserved. Tigers play a crucial role in the health of the ecosystem. Tigers sit
on top carnivores in the ecosystem and are at the zenith of the food chain. The
removal of a top carnivore from an ecosystem can have an impact on the relative
abundance of herbivore species within a guild. The interdependency of living
forms in a food chain is obvious as the wild tiger is dependent upon herbivores
for its survival where he maintains there population which in turn prevents the
grasslands from being overgrazed.

Thus, we are doing million dollars investment in this
wild animal. Because of Tiger Supports Livelihood, Protects Genetic Diversity brings Rain, Prevent Climate Change,
a symbol of our National Pride. So that
why, Recently Animal
Planet surveyed, the tiger was voted the world’s favorite animal
(Animal Planet, 2011)