Cuba since Spain had failed to prepare its

Cuba has constantly been at war for their independence with Spain. The United States did not take part nor did they intervene in the Ten Year War. Although the United States  did take part in Cuba’s independence movement in the 1890s. The United States was a very different nation than it was back in 1860. The Civil War came to an end, immigration was at record heights, and the west has became the place of choice to settle and start a family and to find a job. Maximo Gomez, Jose Marti, and Calixto Garcia were the brains behind Cuba’s route to freedom. The U.S.S Maine,  ship that was sent to protect Americans and the rioting against the spaniards,  exploded in the Havana Harbor and Americans believe that Spain was to be at fault for that. This event kick started the Spanish American War. In 1898, Spain declared war against the U.S on April 24, followed by a U.S. issuing a  declaration of war on the 25th. With the United States support on Cuba’s side, the bombing of the U.S.S Maine, and lastly  the public influence by yellow journalism Cuba was on the route to gain total independence.The start to ensuring Cuba’s freedom began on April 24, 1898. The war was one-sided, since Spain had failed to prepare its army or its navy for a war with the ominous power of the United States. Commander George Dewey led the  U.S. navy into Manila Bay in the Philippines on May 1, 1898, and destroyed the Spanish fleet, only seven Americans were wounded. Cuban “Juntas” provided the leadership and the funds for the military operations that were held in Cuba. Spain did although have vast number in men which forced the  Cuban generals Máximo Gómez and Antonio Maceo, to wage in guerrilla warfare to at least try to have spain surrender . Tasks  began in the south east of  Cuba but also began to  spread up into the west. The Spanish Conservative Party, whom was led by Antonio Cánovas y Castillo, promised to subdue the “insurrectos”, yet their attempt was far from a success (Spanish American War). The Cuban cause for independence was gaining increasing support and popularity in the United States, President Grover Cleveland pressed for a settlement with Spain, but instead of complying with the United States Spain sent General Valeriano Weyler to appease Cuba. His strong tactics, which also includes the focus of the civilian population to turn down  the guerrillas support which indeed strengthened U.S. sympathy for the Cubans (Spanish American War). On February 15, 1898, the  USS Maine in Havana Harbor was caught in an explosion that took the lives of the fewer than 400 American crew members aboard. This event was one of the main event that triggered a war between the United States and Spain. The Maine had come to Cuba to protect American citizens against the fights and rioting while the  Cuban revolutionaries were on a mission to restore  independence from Spain. The United States was in favor for the cause. Within a  three months time frame of the war taking place, the United States had taken down the Spanish forces on not only land but also sea ( The Maine explodes). On December 12, 1898, a very important document, the Treaty of Paris, was signed and officiated between the United States and Spain. That document officially ended the Spanish-American War and granted the United States its first empire overseas  with the Spanish no longer having the right to rule Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam. In 1976, a team of  investigators came to terms that the Maine explosion was caused by a fire that set off  its ammunition stocks, not an attack from the Spaniards. Yellow journalism was a major influence in the the spanish american war. It allowed the United States to have the support from the people to be in favor of the war. Yellow journalism used heart touching stories, eye catching headlines, and a more dramatic view on the events that go on in the daily news to grab the reader’s attention. Journalist were able to depict the Spanish as malicious and dangerous which made the public turn their backs on them. Pictures and illustration were printed on the papers to ensure the people the horrors that the Spanish are doing to Cuba. The media had such a major voice and influence on the people that it was the number one most reliable source that kept people informed (U.S. Diplomacy and Yellow Journalism). The press was very good at exaggerating what was happening in Cuba so that the American people would read the paper. For example, the press stated that 400,000 Cubans died in these horoffic labor camps which in all reality is half of the number given. The newspapers had a different outlook on the events that were unveiling right before their very eyes. The interest factor in this foreign country drove a mass production of papers which allowed Pulitzer and Hearst to make  huge profits.To conclude the Spanish American War allowed Cuba to finally have complete independence and in return the United States gained Puerto Rico. With the help of yellow journalism it changed the way people would view the events that were happening before the media covered these large events. Cuba spent over a decade struggling to gain total independence but with the help of the United States army and navy they are free to rule for themselves. The Treaty of Paris allowed  the United States to take over much of  the land Spain was holding overseas holdings. Puerto Rico and Guam were given  to the United States, the Philippines were purchased for $20 million, and lastly Cuba became a U.S. protectorate (Treaty of Paris ends Spanish-American War).