Climate many businesses are moving their operations towards

Climate and environmental changes around the
sector have lead to initiation of several environmental rules and regulations,
in addition to growing purchaser pressure requiring initialization and
implementation of environmentally benign practices in industry (Golinska-Dawson
and Kolinski, 2007). Nowadays greater aware and concerned society embraced the
idea of being green in nearly every component of daily lifestyles (Cuthbertson
et al., 2011). Many countries are regulating new policies and legislation is
trying to find economically and environmentally benign reactions for
environmental degradation which includes lowering the carbon discharges and the
greenhouse impact (Burf, 2009).

The fulfillment of these tries is quite
reliant on the society guide. Regardless, nowadays many businesses are moving
their operations towards greater sustainable and environmentally friendly
products (Jacobs and Chase, 2018). That is particularly due to the truth that
the growing financial increase, fabric and energy consumption are inflicting
environmental troubles along with resource and landfill depletion (Cuthbertson
et al., 2011). Organizations have become strongly aware regarding the
significance of making an environmentally pleasant gadget in an effort to gain
aggressive benefit, to lessen prices and to useful resource the environmental
sustainability (Sehgal, 2009). This new way is also discovered in supply chains
in which sustainable supply chain management became a focus of typical
operations (Johnson and Flynn, 2015).

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Therefore, this chapter on literature review
examines the theoretical background of research theme. Under this chapter,
concept of supply chain management and sustainable supply chain practices, importance
of sustainable supply chain practices, benefits of sustainable supply chain
practices, dynamic capabilities in sustainable supply chain practices,
sustainable integration, environmental evolution, economic sustainability, etc.
are discussed with different authors’ definitions and concepts which are
related to the cement manufacturing industry in Sri Lanka.

 

2.2 Concept of Supply chain management and
Sustainable supply chain practices

2.2.1 Supply chain management

As per Monczka (2016), “the supply chain
encompasses all activities associated with the drift and transformation of
products from raw materials’ level (extraction) via to the end user, as well as
the related data flows.” Burf (2009) defined supply chain as “a set of three or
extra entities (organizations or individuals) at once involved within the
upstream and downstream flows of products, offerings, budget, and / or
information from a supply to a client”.

The term supply Chain management (SCM)
regarded inside the beginning of 1980s and became defined from the theoretical
point of view a decade later (Ayers, 2006). Performance and competitiveness are
key factors in supply chain management. This indicates the combination of the
deliver chain sports to attain a sustainable aggressive advantage (Jacobs and
Chase, 2018). It can be defined as “the systemic, strategic coordination of the
conventional business features and the strategies across these business
functions within a specific employer and throughout companies within the supply
chain, for the functions of improving the long-time period overall performance
of the character businesses and the supply chain as a whole” (Johnson and
Flynn, 2015).

2.2.2       
Sustainable
supply chain practices

As per Golicic and Smith (2013),sustainable
supply chain practices can be defined as a hard and fast of managerial
practices that include all of the following: environmental impact as an
imperative; consideration of all stages across the entire value chain for each
product; and a multi-disciplinary attitude, encompassing the entire product
lifestyles-cycle (Gupta & Palsule-Desai, 2011;Lee, 2011).

This definition implies some large subject
matters in our attitude on environmental sustainability (Reimann and Ketchen,
2017). First, corporations have to view environmental effect in their
activities as a fundamental a part of decision-making, in place of as a
constraint imposed through government regulations or social pressure, or as a
fad to make the most by using performing to be “inexperienced” (Paulraj, 2011).
Second, firms must pay attention to environmental impact throughout the whole
value chain, inclusive of those of suppliers, distributors, partners and
customers. Third, corporations’ view of sustainability has to go beyond a slim
practical angle and encompass a wider view that integrates problems, problems
and solutions throughout practical barriers (Bai et al., 2012).

In keeping with this definition, our review
of the literature on SSCM adopts a firm perspective, in place of societal or
policy-makers’ attitude, and specializes in organizational selections related
to the whole product existence-cycle that includes layout, production,
distribution, client use, post-use recovery and customer reuse (Pagell and
Shevchenko, 2014).