Buddhism Era. (Reynolds, 2018) The Buddha was born

Buddhism is one of the most popular religions in our modern world,
especially in the Asia regions. It is unique because unlike other religions,
Buddhism does not have the practice of worshipping gods. (Reynolds,
Instead, the core teachings of Buddhism revolve around the beliefs of the
Buddha (“enlightened one”), a man named Siddhartha Gautama who lived in
northern India presumably between the mid-6th and the mid-4th centuries before
the Common Era. (Reynolds, 2018) The Buddha was born
into the then ruling Shakya clan and lived a luxurious life, oblivious of the
negative aspects of the world such as old age, sickness, and death due to his
father’s protection. However, at the age of 29, he was taken aback by the sight
of suffering of the world during his chariot rides out of the palace and
resolved himself to give up his life of royalty to live the life of an ascetic,
to find a way to be freed from suffering. (Reynolds, 2018) He practised
meditation over the next six years and lived a life of severe
self-mortification. (Reynolds, 2018) He meditated under a
tree and achieved enlightenment through the understanding of the Four Noble
Truths. The Buddha then spent the next 45 years of his life sharing his
teaching throughout north-eastern India and at the age of 80, he contracted a
serious illness and passed on into Nirvana. (Reynolds, 2018) The teachings of the
Buddha are based on human suffering and the dissatisfaction of life, as
“Existence is painful”. Buddhists also believe in the never-ending cycle of
reincarnation. (Reynolds, 2018) Thus, the goal of
Buddhism is to achieve enlightenment through meditating and learning the
teachings of the Buddha, so that they can free themselves from this
never-ending cycle and pass on into Nirvana. (Reynolds, 2018) Buddhists commonly
visit temples to learn more of the Buddha’s teachings to guide them on the path
to enlightenment.



What is Christianity?

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Christianity is the largest religion in the world with
approximately two billion followers and its largest groups are the Roman
Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox churches, and the Protestant churches. (Crow, 2017) Unlike Buddhism,
Christianity is not a system of ideas but a religion, a way of salvation.
Christianity is a religion of faith that revolves around the life,
teachings and death of Jesus Christ, also known as Jesus of Nazareth. (Crow, 2017) Jesus was born
between the late 5 BC to early 4 BC to Saint Joseph and the Virgin Mary in the
town of Bethlehem of Judea. The Old Testament, which is a collection of Holy
Scriptures believed to be the Word of God, prophesied the birth of the Son of
God. (Crow, 2017) During his lifetime,
Jesus preached about the Word of God and performed miracles such as turning
water into wine. However, after a last supper with his
disciples, he was betrayed by one of them, Judas Iscariot, and was sentenced to an unfair death by
Crucifixion. (Crow, 2017) Christians believe
that he was then resurrected three days later after his death. His death is
commemorated as Good Friday and His resurrection is commemorated as Easter
Sunday. In John 3:16 of the Holy Bible, it is written that That Bible verse means, whoever believes in the teachings,
death and resurrection of Jesus Christ will be granted eternal life in heaven
after death. Christians commonly attend Church services on Sundays to learn
more about the Word of God and worship Him.



Similarity #1: Life after death


The first
similarity between the two religions, is the belief that there is a form of
life after death. (Robinson, 2010) Buddhists believe in
a never-ending cycle of reincarnation after every death as evident in: On the other hand,
Christians believe in eternal life after death, as evident in: 



Similarity #2: Sacred places of


The second similarity is that both Christians and Buddhists have a
sacred place of worship. Christians commonly visit churches, which are
buildings used for religious activities such as worship services. Churches can
be distinctly identified by a Christian cross on the exterior of the building.
On the other hand, Buddhists commonly visit temples, which represents the calm
and peaceful environment of the Buddha and symbolises the five elements: fire, water, earth, air and
wisdom. Temples usually contain a picture or statue of the Buddha.



Difference #1: The practice of worshipping


Moving on to differences, the first difference between the two
religions is in the practice of worshipping. Christians worship an omnipotent
creator of the world known as God to praise Him and ask for favours. On the
other hand, Buddhists do not worship the Buddha in that way but instead, pay
their respects to him out of admiration. The major difference between the two
is how God and Buddha are perceived by their respective followers.



Difference #2: Future of the religion


The second difference is the belief of the continuation of the
religion in the future. (Robinson, 2010) The goal of
Christians is to continue spreading the Word of God around the world. By doing
so, eventually the whole world will adopt the same Christian ideology. (Robinson,
On the other hand, Buddhists believe that nothing in the world is everlasting
and anything can be subjected to change, as evident in: