Before recorded history, human beings
discovered that grape juice, when exposed to naturally occurring yeasts,
becomes wine (Torr, 1974:14) and it is the process called “Fermentation”. As a
result it has this unique flavor that satisfies individuals. Therefore
throughout the years alcohol plays a vital role and has become a culture in any
type of occasions such as weddings, birthdays, Christmas and a lot more.
Obviously, an occasion will not be complete without alcohol.
In many societies, drinking behavior
is considered important for the whole social order, and so drinking is defined
and limited in accordance with fundamental motifs of the culture (Mandelbaum,
Unfortunately, alcohol can result to a
negative approach to other. Aside being one of the harmful causes to health, it
can also be dangerous to our society even to other individuals. ALCOHOLICS are for the most part dissocialized
people; people who are somewhat dependent, over sensitive, shy, frightened; who
feel isolated, guilty, and remorseful; people who increasingly have dropped out
of their emotionally meaningful groups; who have increasingly lost interest in
the values and attitudes that are most important to their society (Bacon, 1957:
Vol. 10 (10), 35-44).
When a person drink alcohol without
self-consciousness, with emotional problem and the inability to make the right
decision most likely to commit aggressive criminal offenses such as homicides,
sexual abuse, assaults, child abuse, robbery, murder and more.
This section will discuss the flow of
the study and explain and understand the relationship of crime to alcohol
considering the definition of variables and its relationship with each other.
The problem most often associated with
heavy drinking, however, is alcoholism. Simply put, alcoholism is addiction to
alcohol, but beyond this basic definition the symptoms of alcoholism can be
difficult to pinpoint. They include a craving for alcohol, lack of self-control
when drinking, a high tolerance for the effects of alcohol, and physical
withdrawal symptoms, such as sweating, shakiness, and anxiety, when alcohol use
ceases (Torr, 1974:14).
According to Robins & Przybeck (1985),
alcohol initiation occurs earlier and earlier, on average adolescents now take
their first drink at the age of 12 years. This problem seems to be wrongfully
underestimated, despite the fact that it holds numerous negative consequences:
onset of drinking at an early age has been found to be associated not only with
later alcohol dependence, but also with drug abuse, law violations, risky
sexual behavior and aggressive behavior during adolescence (Psychiatria Danubina,
2013; Vol. 25, Suppl. 2: pp 99–101).
The drinking population can be
represented by a continuum ranging from those who drink alcohol without
problems, through those who drink with problems at a level which allows them to
function relatively normally, through to those who are dependent drinkers
suffering withdrawal symptoms. In between there are many shades of grey. While,
without doubt, crime can be associated with dependent problematic use of
alcohol, many of the problems the police deal with are not a result of
dependent drinkers but are ordinary drinkers who have ‘binged’ and cannot
control their behavior (Dehan, A, 1999: p. 1-2)
However, alcohol dependence according
to the ICD-10 criteria (three or more have to be fulfilled) was diagnosed in
94.1% of the alcoholics with an early onset (? 25 years), but only in 62.2% of
those with late onset (P